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June 18, 2019
[Cable Network News] New report jointly released by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), the World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO) Tracking SDG7: The Energy Progress Report In 2019, the current global electrification rate reached 89%, and the number of people without electricity fell to 840 million, compared with 1 billion in 2016 and 1.2 billion in 2010.
Global electrification level map
According to current policies, it is estimated that by 2030, the population without electricity will account for 8% of the global population, 90% of which will be in sub-Saharan Africa.
The report shows that despite the progress in the global electrification level, nearly 840 million people still have no access to electricity, and it is estimated that by 2030, 650 million people will not be able to access electricity.
Bangladesh, Kenya, Myanmar and Sudan have made the most progress in the most populous countries where electricity is not available. In the least electrified countries, the electrification rate in South Sudan, Guinea-Bissau and the Central African Republic has increased by about 3 percentage points per year since 2010. Cambodia, Afghanistan and Nepal are currently among the fastest growing countries in electrification.
The report argues that maintaining and expanding the pace of progress will require strong political commitment, long-term energy planning, enhanced private financing, and appropriate policy and fiscal incentives. Combining grid and off-grid solutions, including solar lighting, solar home systems and an increasing number of small grids will be critical. At the same time, the reliability and affordability of electricity cannot be ignored. One-third of power-poor countries face more than one power outage every week. In these countries, 40% of households are unable to withstand basic electricity.
In terms of renewable energy, renewable energy accounted for 17.5% of global energy consumption in 2016, compared with 16.6% in 2010. Renewable energy has been growing rapidly in terms of power generation, but there is less progress in energy consumption in heat and transportation. Energy systems require a significant increase in renewable energy to be affordable, reliable and sustainable. As renewable energy becomes mainstream, policies need to encompass the integration of renewable energy and the wider energy system, taking into account the socio-economic impacts that affect sustainability and the pace of transformation.
(This article is the first cable network www.cableabc.com)